04503

Dec 06, 2016

How to: Care for Your Leather Goods (and Keep Them Looking Sharp)

The best part of investing in quality leather goods is how well they age. But how your leather ages really depends on how well you treat it. Treat them poorly and they’ll fall apart, but if you’re sure to take care of them and give them a quick clean up about every 6 months, not only will they age beautifully, they’ll also last you a life time.

But before we jump in and talk about the right way to care for your leather goods, it’s important to know a few basic things about leather. 

How Leather Is Made - Cliff Notes Style:

This is a condensed version. If you'd like to know more about the types of leather and what to look for, visit my blog: Gold Bark Leather

Leather is made from animal hide, in most cases cow hide, and is an organic material. This means that it’s subject to change based on it’s environment. To prevent change, or in this case decay, the animal hide goes through a complex process and comes out the other side as leather. While each tannery has their own specific process, these processes can be summed up by two categories: Chrome Tanned and Vegetable Tanned. Chrome tanned leather is created with chemicals, while vegetable tanned leather is created with tannins and other plant stuffs, like tree bark.

It’s super important that you know how your leather item has been tanned, because it will dictate what kinds of products you use to maintain your leather. Telling the difference between the two can be a little tricky, but here’s a short list that will help you differentiate.

Chrome Tanned vs. Veg Tanned

  • Feel. Chrome tanned is thin and stretchy, while veg tanned tends to be more sturdy and less spongy feeling. This isn't a foolproof way because Chrome Tanned Leather products are usually backed by something to make it less thin and less stretchy, which can make it hard to tell.
  • Price. Chrome tanned leather is much less expensive than vegetable tanned leather. This is  because it takes a lot less time to make. If you bought an inexpensive leather item, it may be chrome tanned leather.
  • Color and Grain. This is the easiest way to tell what kind of leather your item is. Chrome tanned leather has a consistent color throughout. Vegetable Tanned Leather on the other hand, shows the grain of the animal and generally has a depth of color.
  • Aging. Ideally, you would know how the leather was tanned before you got to this point, but if you’ve had a leather item for awhile and aren’t sure, this is a good way to tell. Vegetable tanned leather is a more organic material than chrome tanned leather, so they age differently. As vegetable tanned leather ages it will get dark and form a patina, get looser, and form to the shape of what it’s around, i.e. your foot if it’s a shoe. Chrome tanned does this too, to some extent, but only slightly.

How to keep your leather goods looking sharp:

If you have veg tanned leather, maintaining your leather items is all about replenishing the waxes and oils that were put into the leather originally. The oils keep the leather soft and prevent it from cracking while the wax keeps the leather water resistant and helps hold the oils in. Chrome tanned leather is a bit different. Oils will actually clog the pores, so you’ll only want to apply wax or some sort of spray that will waterproof it. 

If you really want to be on top of keeping your leather goods at peak performance, I suggest reapplying these things once every six months. However, you can also do this whenever you feel like they are getting a bit dirty and losing their luster.

What You Need:

Supples Needed to Care for Leather

A Soft Bristle Brush. Try to avoid anything that will damage the surface of the leather (hard bristles) or anything that will rub the dirt into the leather (cloth). Also don't let your dog eat the brush... like I did.

Oils and Wax. You can get these products separately, or you can buy them combined. I use Obenauf’s Leather Oil, which contains beeswax. If you have veg tanned leather, this is the kind of stuff you want to use, because it’s natural. Again, if you have Chrome Tanned Leather, do not get something with oils in it, just something that will protect the surface. Shoe wax works well for chrome tanned leather. 

An old t-shirt. Any cloth will work for this, but I try to avoid cloth with large fibers (like a towel) that will leave streaks in the drying wax.

Applying Oils and Wax

Cleaning Leather

Step 1: Before applying the oils and wax, you need to make sure the that your leather is clean. All that requires is briskly brushing the dirt off with your soft bristle brush. If you are having trouble with a particular area that may have some dirt worked into the leather, you can lightly wet the area and then brush it clean. Make sure you do not soak the area when you are doing this though.

Reapplying Oils/Wax to Leather

Step 2: Once your leather is clean and (if you used a bit of water to clean a certain area) dry, it’s time to apply the oils and waxes. If you just have an oil, you’ll apply it the same way I’m about to apply Obenauf’s. If you are using oil and wax, just make sure to apply the oil first, then the wax. Apply a generous amount of whatever you are using to your leather. As you apply it work it in slowly to the leather with your cloth, or dauber if provided, in a circular motion.

Buffing Wax

Step 3: When the entire item has been covered and you can see parts of the wax start to dry, run the cloth over the leather briskly until the wax starts to shine, making sure not to generate too much heat as you do this because it will actually darken the leather, which is another reason not to use a cloth with large fibers.

And just like that whatever leather item you just cleaned up is ready to go for the next six months… especially if you follow these leather storage tips!

Before and After Caring for Leather

Preventing your Leather Goods from Getting Damaged

Avoid water like the plague

Ok, so if you’re on your way home from work and you get a little rain on your leather as you walk to the car, that’s no big deal. But when leather get’s soaked, bad things happen. First, if your item uses glues in certain areas instead of stitching the glue will start to loosen. Second, when leather dries after being soaked, it holds whatever shape it is in. This makes it very easily to permanently stretch it out. Finally, all that water flushes the oils out (again, this only applies to Veg Tanned Leather) and when there aren’t many oils in the leather, the surface layer will crack. This too is irreversible damage. Using heat to dry out wet leather will also cause it to get too dry and crack, so let your leather items dry out naturally.

Avoid the sun like you would avoid something you mildly dislike, like Chihuahuas.

This applies to storage, not use and isn’t as big of a deal as the previous tip. Leather, and especially if its veg tanned, gets darker the longer it’s exposed to the sun. This is actually something I love about veg tanned leather and am glad to see it happen. The bigger issue is the leather getting to hot if left in the sun long and drying out. 

Recap

I’m hoping all this information has got you thinking ‘these leather shoes are going to look mighty fine in a few months’ instead of being overwhelmed and thinking ‘crap, these shoes are doomed.’ Even though I spent a while explaining how to care for your leather the actual process/rules isn’t long.

  • Spend 5 minutes every 6 months cleaning and reapplying oils/waxes
  • Avoid excessive amount of water
  • Store in a dark area

Follow those three rules and you’re guaranteed to have some dang good looking leather items.

Caring for Leather Goods

Tagged:

Add Your Comment!

(2000 character limit)

Jennifer on Dec 19, 2016:

Thanks for this great post!
Nice simple explanation of the different needs of different tanning - I didn't know the difference before. Good advice for other items too - electronics holders, gloves, jackets, etc.


JustinHagan on Dec 08, 2016:

Thanks for clarifying, I had missed that you were talking about cleaning up the waxed canvas, hah. This makes a lot more sense to me.


steve Brand on Dec 08, 2016:

Hey Justin,

The cantille soap you use like a regular soap. Put some warm water in a bowl and mix a bit of the soap in.
Get a cloth , dip it in the water and clean the dirt off the shoes. Repeat until clean. Take a bowl of clean water and clean the soap residu off. Let it dry..
Upside it cleans and evens the canvas surface of your shoes, downside the water repellency is gone.
Get a little bit of wax on your hand and warm it up with your finger. Now you wax canvas part of the shoe.
Stay clear of the edges and let it rest for two days. For the stitching etc on the leather use the obernaufs. If you wax the leather the leather darkens and give s stains


JustinHagan on Dec 08, 2016:

Steve,
First of all, please feel no need to apologize for what you posted. It is helpful, constructive, and spot on. So, thanks so much for posting this. To explain, I was wanting this post just to be the basic things you need to make sure your leather ages well. I plan to make another post later that includes some of the more intensive care things you've mentioned, like: replacing grommets, removing dirt stains, removing salt stains, stitching up torn parts, and re-dying very worn leather.

Could you elaborate a little bit more on the castile soap? It's not something I've used before. It sounds like your rubbing it on a cloth, then applying it to the leather as a wax coating against rain/snow, right?

Thanks again for contributing to the post and you have in no way been a pain in my...


steve Brand on Dec 08, 2016:

First of all what a great blog is this..
Great write up but the shoes here need a lot mor TLC than just a coat of Obenaufs.

First one : Clean your canvas with some castle soap. Otter makes a great one, now if you want it to wick away the water and snow , give the canvas a rub with some wax. Again Otter makes a good one. Be careful not to overdo it and ruin your leather . A little goes a long way and try and stat away from the leather

Second : I noticed that some of your O rings have left the vamp. Not replacing them will make the laces cut into the leather and still wreck the shoes. Get them to a boot maker to replace them or buy a 5$ kit to put some new ones in..

Third I see you are cleaning your boots with the laces in them. It's best to take them out. That way you can clean the tongue and vamp .And I usually put new ones in after a clean. Keeps them from breaking on you..

Sorry to be a pain in the... Keep up the great work ..